Organization of the file system
The implementation of the file system is linked to issues such as
support for the concept of logical disk blocks, tying the filename and its
blocks of data files and the problem of the division of management issues of
disk space. The most common ways of allocating disk space: continuous selection,
organization and communication system with a list of index nodes. File system
often sold in the form of sloenoy modular structure. Lower layers are dealing
with equipment, and top with symbolic names and logical properties files.
Directories can be arranged in different ways, and can store attributes of the
file and address blocks files, and sometimes it is a special structure (index
nodes). The problems of reliability and performance file system the most
critical aspects of its design.